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Summary

Major advances in ICTs allow to consider citizens as sensors in motion. Carrying their mobile devices, moving in their connected vehicles and actively participating in social networks, citizens provide a wealth of information that, after processing, can support numerous applications for the benefit of the community. In the context of smart communities, INRISCO intends (i) the early detection of abnormal situations in cities (incidents), (ii) the analysis of whether, according to their impact, those incidents are really adverse for the community; and (iii) the automatic actuation by dissemination of appropriate information to citizens and authorities. Thus, INRISCO will identify and report on incidents in traffic (jam, accident) or public infrastructure (works, street cut); the occurrence of specific events that affect other citizens’ life (demonstrations, concerts); or environmental problems (pollution, bad weather). It is of particular interest to this proposal the identification of incidents with a social and economic impact which affects the quality of life of citizens.

INRISCO does not intend to replace the current emergency management services (e.g. 112), but rather to improve the warning systems and complement them to manage adverse situations which have an impact in the citizens. In this regard, INRISCO aims to effectively address two key issues: early detection and dissemination of information. In the current technological context, it is feasible to obtain objective and subjective information from the new "citizen sensor": objective, thanks to physical sensors in their devices and in the smart city, and subjective, thanks to opinions/comments posted on online social networks. The analysis of this massive amount of data (so-called Big Data) from structured and unstructured sources enables early detection of abnormal situations as well as the estimation of their impact in the community. Going further, actuation is also possible by disseminating alert messages and suggested actions: globally, through online social networks, and locally, through ad-hoc or opportunistic networks dynamically built up in the community.

To ensure the citizens’ participation, reliability, security, flexibility and privacy must be covered as requirements about which citizens are especially concerned. Firstly, it is crucial to ensure the accuracy of the information collected. Secondly, it is essential to ensure an adequate level of privacy to citizens, so that sensitive information (such as location, preferences, or other personal information) does not flow through social networks or is collected by third parties without their explicit consent. Lastly, the proposal also cannot ignore the volume, velocity and variety of data provided by the citizens, as well as the critical nature of the detected situations and services involved.

For the integration of the main results of the project, INRISCO proposes a demonstrator for the early detection of adverse events and the efficient and effective dissemination of warnings. That demonstrator will be deployed over a dataset which integrate real sensor data from a city, and a real dataset collected from a public online social network.

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Team

INRISCO is a coordinated project which consists of four subprojects, involving the following partners and team members:

Publications

2016 - Journals

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2016 - Conferences

  • D. Díaz-Sánchez, P. Arias, F. Almenares, A. Marín, Proxy Re-encryption Schemes for IoT and Crowd Sensing. In IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Las Vegas, USA, January 2016.
  • D. Díaz-Sánchez, R. Simon Sherratt, F. Almenares, P. Arias, A. Marín, Distributed Access Control and Privacy for the Internet of Me. In IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Las Vegas, USA, January 2016.
  • A. Marín, F. Almenares, P. Arias, D. Díaz-Sánchez. WiFi Direct: Lessons Learned. In 15th IFIP Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net'16). Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain, June 2016.
  • S. Puglisi, D. Rebollo-Monedero, J. Forne, On Web User Tracking: How Third-Party Http Requests Track Users' Browsing Patterns for Personalised Advertising. In 15th IFIP Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net'16). Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain, June 2016.

2015 - Journals

  • Guest Editors: M. Aguilar Igartua, F. Cuomo and I. Guérin-Lassous, Special Issue on "Modeling and Performance Evaluation of Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks", Ad Hoc Networks, ISSN/ISBN:1570-8705, Special Issue, vol. 24, Part B, pp. 1-190. January 2015.
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2015 - Conferences

  • E. García-Lozano, C. Campo, C. García Rubio, A. Rodríguez-Carrión, Adapting a Bandwidth-Efficient Information Dissemination Scheme for Urban VANETs. In 9th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing & Ambient Intelligence (UCAmI 2015). Puerto Varas, Patagonia, Chile, December 2015.
  • L. Urquiza-Aguiar, D. Almeida, C. Tripp-Barba, M. Aguilar Igartua, Heuristic Methods in Geographical Routing Protocols for VANETs. In Proceedings of the 12th ACM Symposium on Performance Evaluation of Wireless Ad Hoc, Sensor, & Ubiquitous Networks (PE-WASUN 2015), Cancún, México, November 2015.
  • L. Urquiza-Aguiar, C. Tripp-Barba, A. Romero, Reducing Duplicate Packets in Unicast VANET Communications. In Proceedings of the 12th ACM Symposium on Performance Evaluation of Wireless Ad Hoc, Sensor, & Ubiquitous Networks (PE-WASUN 2015), Cancún, México, November 2015.
  • S. Puglisi, G. Marrugat, Á. Torres, M. Aguilar Igartua, J. Forné, MobilitApp: Analysing mobility data of citizens in the metropolitan area of Barcelona. In Proceedings of the EAI International Conference on Smart Objects and Technologies for Social Good (GoodTechs 2015), Rome, Italy, October 2015.
  • L. Urquiza-Aguiar, C. Tripp-Barba, M. Aguilar Igartua, A Stochastic Optimization Model for the Placement of Road Site Units. In Proceedings of the EAI International Conference on Smart Objects and Technologies for Social Good (GoodTechs 2015), Rome, Italy, October 2015.
  • C. Iza Paredes, A. Mohamad Mezher, M. Aguilar Igartua, Performance evaluation of dissemination protocols for emergency messages in Vehicular Ad-Hoc networks. XII Jornadas de Ingeniería Telemática (JITEL'15), Palma de Mallorca, Spain, October 2015.
  • A. Mohamad Mezher, C. Iza Paredes, C. Tripp-Barba, M. Aguilar Igartua, A Dynamic Multimetric Weights Distribution in a Multipath Routing protocol using Video-Streaming Services over MANETs. XII Jornadas de Ingeniería Telemática (JITEL'15), Palma de Mallorca, Spain, October 2015.
  • S. Puglisi, D. Rebollo-Monedero, J. Forné, Potential mass surveillance and privacy violations in proximity-based social applications. The 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Recent Advances of Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (RATSP 2015), Helsinki, Finland, 2015.
  • S. Puglisi, D. Rebollo-Monedero, J. Forné, You never surf alone. Ubiquitous tracking of users' browsing habits. 10th International Workshop on Data Privacy Management (DPM 2015), Vienna, Austria, 2015.
  • L. Guaya, E. Pallarès, J. Forné, REMODE: Un algoritmo para el cálculo de la reputación de nodos y caminos en redes ad hoc cooperativas. XII Jornadas de Ingeniería Telemática (JITEL 2015), Palma de Mallorca, October 2015.
  • E. Rubio-Drosdov, D. Díaz-Sánchez, P. Arias-Cabarcos, F. Almenarez, A. Marin, Towards a seamless human interaction in IoT. In IEEE International Symposium on Consumer Electronics (ISCE), pp. 24-26, June 2015.
  • L. Urquiza-Aguiar, C. Tripp-Barba, J. Estrada-Jiménez, M. Aguilar Igartua. Empirical Analysis of the Minkowski Distance Order in Geographical Routing Protocols for VANETs. 13th International Conference on Wired/Wireless Internet Communications (WWIC’15), Málaga, May 2015.
  • C. González Nespereira, E. Elhariri, El-Bendary, A. Fernández Vilas, R. P. Díaz Redondo, Machine Learning based Classification Approach for Predicting Students Learning Performance in Blended Learning. International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics (AISI), 2015.
  • C. González Nespereira, A. Fernández Vilas, R. P. Díaz Redondo, Am I failing this course? Risk prediction using e-learning data. In Proc. Tecnological Ecosystems for Enhancing Multiculturality (TEEM), 2015.
  • M. Ben Kalifa, R. P. Díaz Redondo, A. Fernández Vilas, Why are these people there? An analysis based on Twitter. In Proc 6th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications (IISA), 2015.
  • S. Servia Rodríguez, B. Huberman, Sitaram Asur, Deciding what to display: maximizing the information value of social media. In Workshop on Modeling and Mining Temporal Interactions (M2TI) at ICWSM’ 15, 2015.
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Apps

MobilitApp records synchronously and while running in the background, periodic location updates from its users. The information obtained is processed to analyze the transportation mode used by the user, i.e. bus, car, metro, train, bicycle and on foot. Users are able to visualize on a map their day-by-day locations history. The user's information is treated completely anonymously.

News & Events

3rd-4th Nov 2015

1st Intermediate Project Meeting in Barcelona

Members of each research group met at the UPC to follow the progress of the project and discuss future directions to attain the goals of INRISCO. The participants also planned to submit a proposal under the H2020 ICT-18-2016 topic.

23rd Nov 2016

2nd Intermediate Project Meeting in Leganés

Members of each research group met at the UC3M to follow the progress of the project and discuss future directions to attain the goals of INRISCO. The four research groups also planned to work on a collaborative paper in the short run.

Contact

Mónica Aguilar Igartua Coordinator

Acknowledges

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